[PATCH v3 07/13] msvc: work around a bug in GetEnvironmentVariable()
Denton Liu
Johannes Schindelin
Junio C Hamano
Johannes Schindelin
Johannes Schindelin via GitGitGadget
See Also
Prev Ref 1
2019-10-04 15:09:30 UTC
From: Johannes Schindelin <johannes.schindelin@gmx.de>

The return value of that function is 0 both for variables that are
unset, as well as for variables whose values are empty. To discern those
two cases, one has to call `GetLastError()`, whose return value is

Except that it is not actually set to `ERROR_SUCCESS` in the latter
case, apparently, but the last error value seems to be simply unchanged.

To work around this, let's just re-set the last error value just before
inspecting the environment variable.

This fixes a problem that triggers failures in t3301-notes.sh (where we
try to override config settings by passing empty values for certain
environment variables).

This problem is hidden in the MINGW build by the fact that older
MSVC runtimes (such as the one used by MINGW builds) have a `calloc()`
that re-sets the last error value in case of success, while newer
runtimes set the error value only if `NULL` is returned by that

Signed-off-by: Johannes Schindelin <johannes.schindelin@gmx.de>
 compat/mingw.c | 2 ++
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)

diff --git a/compat/mingw.c b/compat/mingw.c
index 4891789771..7d8cb814ba 100644
--- a/compat/mingw.c
+++ b/compat/mingw.c
@@ -1661,6 +1661,8 @@ char *mingw_getenv(const char *name)
 	if (!w_key)
 		die("Out of memory, (tried to allocate %u wchar_t's)", len_key);
 	xutftowcs(w_key, name, len_key);
+	/* GetEnvironmentVariableW() only sets the last error upon failure */
+	SetLastError(ERROR_SUCCESS);
 	len_value = GetEnvironmentVariableW(w_key, w_value, ARRAY_SIZE(w_value));
 	if (!len_value && GetLastError() == ERROR_ENVVAR_NOT_FOUND) {