[PATCH] mingw: add a helper function to attach GDB to the current process
Johannes Schindelin
Johannes Schindelin
Johannes Schindelin via GitGitGadget
2020-02-13 21:49:53 UTC
From: Johannes Schindelin <johannes.schindelin@gmx.de>

When debugging Git, the criss-cross spawning of processes can make
things quite a bit difficult, especially when a Unix shell script is
thrown in the mix that calls a `git.exe` that then segfaults.

To help debugging such things, we introduce the `open_in_gdb()` function
which can be called at a code location where the segfault happens (or as
close as one can get); This will open a new MinTTY window with a GDB
that already attached to the current process.

Inspired by Derrick Stolee.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Schindelin <johannes.schindelin@gmx.de>
    win32: make it easy to start the GNU debugger at a certain source line
    In particular when trying to debug issues in processes with redirected
    stdin and/or stdout, it can be quite a challenge to use an interactive
    Help this, by introducing a function that is purely meant for debugging
    purposes: open_in_gdb(). It will open a new terminal window, attach gdb
    to the current process in it, and sleep. That way, the above-mentioned
    debugging problem can be solved simply by inserting the statement 
    open_in_gdb(); at a specific source code line, then recompiling Git and
    then running e.g. the regression test that failed.

Published-As: https://github.com/gitgitgadget/git/releases/tag/pr-150%2Fdscho%2Fopen-in-gdb-v1
Fetch-It-Via: git fetch https://github.com/gitgitgadget/git pr-150/dscho/open-in-gdb-v1
Pull-Request: https://github.com/gitgitgadget/git/pull/150

 compat/mingw.c | 13 +++++++++++++
 compat/mingw.h | 10 ++++++++++
 2 files changed, 23 insertions(+)

diff --git a/compat/mingw.c b/compat/mingw.c
index 8141f77189..615e9b64aa 100644
--- a/compat/mingw.c
+++ b/compat/mingw.c
@@ -13,6 +13,19 @@
 static const int delay[] = { 0, 1, 10, 20, 40 };
+void open_in_gdb(void)
+	static struct child_process cp = CHILD_PROCESS_INIT;
+	extern char *_pgmptr;
+	argv_array_pushl(&cp.args, "mintty", "gdb", NULL);
+	argv_array_pushf(&cp.args, "--pid=%d", getpid());
+	cp.clean_on_exit = 1;
+	if (start_command(&cp) < 0)
+		die_errno("Could not start gdb");
+	sleep(1);
 int err_win_to_posix(DWORD winerr)
 	int error = ENOSYS;
diff --git a/compat/mingw.h b/compat/mingw.h
index 30d9fb3e36..26d3296d56 100644
--- a/compat/mingw.h
+++ b/compat/mingw.h
@@ -584,6 +584,16 @@ int main(int argc, const char **argv) \
 } \
 static int mingw_main(c,v)
+ * For debugging: if a problem occurs, say, in a Git process that is spawned
+ * from another Git process which in turn is spawned from yet another Git
+ * process, it can be quite daunting to figure out what is going on.
+ *
+ * Call this function to open a new MinTTY (this assumes you are in Git for
+ * Windows' SDK) with a GDB that attaches to the current process right away.
+ */
+extern void open_in_gdb(void);
  * Used by Pthread API implementation for Windows

base-commit: 8104ec994ea3849a968b4667d072fedd1e688642