[PATCH v2 0/7] remote-curl: fix deadlocks when remote server disconnects
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Jeff King
Eric Sunshine
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Denton Liu
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Date
2020-05-18 15:47:17 UTC
The following command hangs forever:

	$ git -c protocol.version=2 clone https://github.com/git/git.git --shallow-since=20151012
	Cloning into 'git'...

This occurs because the --shallow-since arg is incorrect and the server
dies early. However, remote-curl does not realise that the server
errored out and just faithfully forwards the packets to fetch-pack
before waiting on more input from fetch-pack. Meanwhile, fetch-pack
keeps reading as it still expects more input. As a result, the processes
deadlock. Original analysis by Peff:
https://lore.kernel.org/git/20200328154936.GA1217052@coredump.intra.peff.net/

Changes since v1:

* Remove fallthrough in switch in favour of just extracting the common
  call out of the switch in patch 3

* Add more detail in function comment and use `const char linelen[4]` in
  patch 4

* Implement most of Peff's suggestions[0] in patch 5

* Only operate on stateless_connect() in patch 5

* Add tests in patch 5

* Drop "remote-curl: ensure last packet is a flush" in favour of
  "stateless-connect: send response end packet"

[0]: https://lore.kernel.org/git/20200515213844.GD115445@coredump.intra.peff.net/

Denton Liu (7):
  remote-curl: fix typo
  remote-curl: remove label indentation
  transport: extract common fetch_pack() call
  pkt-line: extern packet_length()
  remote-curl: error on incomplete packet
  pkt-line: PACKET_READ_RESPONSE_END
  stateless-connect: send response end packet

 Documentation/gitremote-helpers.txt           |  4 +-
 Documentation/technical/protocol-v2.txt       |  2 +
 builtin/fetch-pack.c                          |  2 +-
 connect.c                                     | 12 +++-
 fetch-pack.c                                  | 12 ++++
 pkt-line.c                                    | 13 +++-
 pkt-line.h                                    | 11 +++
 remote-curl.c                                 | 72 +++++++++++++++++--
 remote.h                                      |  3 +-
 serve.c                                       |  2 +
 t/helper/test-pkt-line.c                      |  4 ++
 t/lib-httpd.sh                                |  2 +
 t/lib-httpd/apache.conf                       |  8 +++
 .../incomplete-body-upload-pack-v2-http.sh    |  3 +
 .../incomplete-length-upload-pack-v2-http.sh  |  3 +
 t/t5702-protocol-v2.sh                        | 47 ++++++++++++
 transport.c                                   | 16 ++---
 17 files changed, 197 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 t/lib-httpd/incomplete-body-upload-pack-v2-http.sh
 create mode 100644 t/lib-httpd/incomplete-length-upload-pack-v2-http.sh

Range-diff against v1:
1:  b390875f87 = 1:  b390875f87 remote-curl: fix typo
2:  a2b28c0b28 = 2:  a2b28c0b28 remote-curl: remove label indentation
3:  c89c184100 < -:  ---------- transport: combine common cases with a fallthrough
-:  ---------- > 3:  3a42575bd5 transport: extract common fetch_pack() call
4:  891a39c853 ! 4:  c2b9d033bb pkt-line: extern packet_length()
    @@ Commit message
         need to access the length header. In order to simplify this, extern
         packet_length() so that the logic can be reused.
     
    +    Change the function parameter from a `const char *` to
    +    `const char linelen[4]`. Even though these two types behave identically
    +    as function parameters, use the array notation to semantically indicate
    +    exactly what this function is expecting as an argument.
    +
      ## pkt-line.c ##
     @@ pkt-line.c: static int get_packet_data(int fd, char **src_buf, size_t *src_size,
      	return ret;
      }
      
     -static int packet_length(const char *linelen)
    -+int packet_length(const char *linelen)
    ++int packet_length(const char linelen[4])
      {
      	int val = hex2chr(linelen);
      	return (val < 0) ? val : (val << 8) | hex2chr(linelen + 2);
    @@ pkt-line.h: int write_packetized_from_buf(const char *src_in, size_t len, int fd
      		*buffer, unsigned size, int options);
      
     +/*
    -+ * Reads a packetized line and returns the length header of the packet.
    ++ * Convert a four hex digit packet line length header into its numeric
    ++ * representation. linelen should not be null-terminated.
    ++ *
    ++ * If linelen contains non-hex characters, return -1. Otherwise, return the
    ++ * numeric value of the length header.
     + */
    -+int packet_length(const char *linelen);
    ++int packet_length(const char linelen[4]);
     +
      /*
       * Read a packetized line into a buffer like the 'packet_read()' function but
5:  3ed7cf87aa < -:  ---------- remote-curl: error on incomplete packet
6:  7a689da2bb < -:  ---------- remote-curl: ensure last packet is a flush
-:  ---------- > 5:  52ce5fdffd remote-curl: error on incomplete packet
-:  ---------- > 6:  744b078324 pkt-line: PACKET_READ_RESPONSE_END
-:  ---------- > 7:  4b079bcd83 stateless-connect: send response end packet
-- 
2.26.2.706.g87896c9627