[PATCH] setup: recognize bare repositories with packed-refs
Adam Majer
Adam Majer
See Also
2023-11-17 20:32:53 UTC
In a garbage collected bare git repository, the refs/ subdirectory is
empty.  In use-cases when such a repository is directly added into
another repository, it no longer is detected as valid. Git doesn't
preserve empty paths so refs/ subdirectory is not present. Simply
creating an empty refs/ subdirectory fixes this problem.

Looking more carefully, there are two backends to handle various refs in
git -- the files backend that uses refs/ subdirectory and the
packed-refs backend that uses packed-refs file. If references are not
found in refs/ subdirectory (or directory doesn't exist), the
packed-refs directory will be consulted. Garbage collected repository
will have all its references in packed-refs file.

To allow the use-case when packed-refs is the only source of refs and
refs/ subdirectory is simply not present, augment 'is_git_directory()'
setup function to look for packed-refs file as an alternative to refs/

Signed-off-by: Adam Majer <adamm@zombino.com>
 setup.c       | 10 +++++++---
 t/t6500-gc.sh |  8 ++++++++
 2 files changed, 15 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/setup.c b/setup.c
index fc592dc6dd..2a6dda6ae9 100644
--- a/setup.c
+++ b/setup.c
@@ -348,7 +348,7 @@ int get_common_dir_noenv(struct strbuf *sb, const char *gitdir)
  *  - either an objects/ directory _or_ the proper
  *    GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY environment variable
- *  - a refs/ directory
+ *  - a refs/ directory or packed-refs file
  *  - either a HEAD symlink or a HEAD file that is formatted as
  *    a proper "ref:", or a regular file HEAD that has a properly
  *    formatted sha1 object name.
@@ -384,8 +384,12 @@ int is_git_directory(const char *suspect)
 	strbuf_setlen(&path, len);
 	strbuf_addstr(&path, "/refs");
-	if (access(path.buf, X_OK))
-		goto done;
+	if (access(path.buf, X_OK)) {
+		strbuf_setlen(&path, len);
+		strbuf_addstr(&path, "/packed-refs");
+		if (access(path.buf, R_OK))
+			goto done;
+	}
 	ret = 1;
diff --git a/t/t6500-gc.sh b/t/t6500-gc.sh
index 18fe1c25e6..e81eb7d2ab 100755
--- a/t/t6500-gc.sh
+++ b/t/t6500-gc.sh
@@ -214,6 +214,14 @@ test_expect_success 'gc.repackFilter launches repack with a filter' '
 	grep -E "^trace: (built-in|exec|run_command): git repack .* --filter=blob:none ?.*" trace.out
+test_expect_success 'remove empty refs/ subdirectory' '
+	git -C bare.git cat-file -e 60dd8ad7d8ed49005c18b7ce9f5b7a45c28df814 &&
+	test_dir_is_empty bare.git/refs/heads &&
+	test_dir_is_empty bare.git/refs/tags &&
+	rm -r bare.git/refs &&
+	GIT_DIR="$PWD"/bare.git git -C bare.git cat-file -e 60dd8ad7d8ed49005c18b7ce9f5b7a45c28df814
 test_expect_success 'gc.repackFilterTo store filtered out objects' '
 	test_when_finished "rm -rf bare.git filtered.git" &&